your kids to a visit to the emp store osnabrück nearby theme park, Phantasialand, which is open during the festive season and also has its own Christmas Market on site. Christmas Market on the Rudolfplatz takes you to a world of brothers Grimm fairy tales. The, neumarkt Christmas Market is Cologne's oldest Christmas Market, it is curiously located on the "New Market" amidst the backdrop. History Early settlement and medieval growth After Julius Caesar destroyed the Eburones in 53 bce, the Roman general Agrippa colonized the area with another tribe called the Ubii, who came from the right bank of the Rhine. City layout, the semicircular shape of the Inner City was originally determined by a defensive wall, 4 miles (6 km) long, that was completed in about 1200. The population grew from 41,685 in 1801 to 372,529 in 1900. Until the end of the 14th century, the government of the city was in the hands of the wealthy patricians, but in 1396, after a bloodless revolution, a new municipal constitution was established under which the 22 branches of the guilds became the basis. Ongoing work is needed to repair the effects of acid rain on the cathedrals stonework.
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Area city, 156 square miles (405 square km). When the railways were built, Colognes geographic position made the city an ideal railway centre. Crafts included textile manufacturing, bookmaking, leatherworking, enameling, and metalworking, the work of Colognes goldsmiths being particularly fine. Three of the greatest Roman Catholic scholars and theologians of medieval Scholasticism Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, and John Duns Scotus all taught in Colognes schools. On the right bank of the river is the Rhine Park, a large green area adjacent to the KölnMesse, a convention centre with halls for fairs and exhibitions. One of the key inland ports. The medieval Bayen Tower stands near the Rhine. After an earlier cathedral on the site was destroyed by fire in 1248, it was decided that a new one would be built in the Gothic style, emulating the cathedrals of France. Its twin towers rise 515 feet (157 metres) above the city centre. Cologne since the 19th century Colognes history as a free imperial city ended when it was taken by France in 1794, and, when the archbishop elector died in 1801, the see was left vacant and not restored until 1821. It lies 210 feet (65 metres) above sea level, just below where the, rhine enters the fertile, north German Plain. Liberal points of view were represented in the 19th century by the Rheinische Zeitung, edited (184243) by Karl Marx and Moses Hess, while the socialist Neue Rheinische Zeitung was edited (184849) by Marx, Friedrich Engels, and Ferdinand Freiligrath.